Atrophic scars refer to the pitted scar-like marks on a person’s skin. They originate when the skin fails to regenerate the tissue naturally, therefore leaving imbalanced scarring. This therapeutic challenge is a permanent result of acne vulgaris. The most common types of atrophic scars are:
What causes atrophic scars?
Atrophic scars result from the loss of collagen during the skin’s inflammatory healing process. The localized degradation of collagen and subcutaneous fat causes the affected area to dip below the level of healthy skin tissue. The type of atrophic scar that tends to form varies for each person. Here are the most common causes of atrophic scarring:
A Keloid scar is enlarged and raised scar mark that can form anywhere on the skin. Keloids are usually of pink, red, skin color and darker than the surrounding skin. Often, they appear to be much larger than the original wound. Keloids are generally not harmful to health, however, cause cosmetic concerns.
Keloid scars are a type of hypertrophic scar that extends beyond the boundaries of the original wound. They have the following characteristics:
- Shiny luster
- Rubbery texture
- Can grow past borders over time
A hypertrophic scar is a thick raised scar developed on areas of high skin tension. It is an abnormal wound healing response that commonly occurs following diseases, burns, surgical incisions, and other forms of skin trauma. Although they aren’t life threatening, they can be a bit itchy and painful if left untreated.
Trauma to the skin can sometimes leave behind raised, rubbery scars called hypertrophic scars. Unlike atrophic acne scars, hypertrophic scars result from overproduction of collagen as opposed to the depletion of collagen. Like rolling scars, hypertrophic scars usually resolve over time but do require treatment depending on their severity. Hypertrophic scars have the following characteristics:
- Shiny luster
- Rubbery texture
- Stays within border
Contracture scars form when a portion of your skin has been lost due to physical or chemical damage. The net loss of tissue leads to the pulling off not only the surrounding healthy skin but also ligaments, tendons, and muscles, depending on the severity and location of the injury. Extreme cases of contracture scarring can severely impede the range of motion around the neck, shoulder, elbows, and knees. Thus, contracture scars pose both functional and cosmetic concerns to the patient.
Postsurgical scarring is a natural and unavoidable consequence of wound healing following injury to the skin. Unnatural elevation, pigmentary changes, and irregular textural appearances of scars often present aesthetic concerns to patients. While scars usually fade on their own, more severe cases of scarring may require surgical- and non-surgical approaches to achieve optimal correction. Here at the Scar Healing Institute, our team of expert dermatologists is trained in the best surgical scar revision techniques as well as minimally invasive energy-based and non-energy-based treatment.
Traumatic scars are the raised marks on your body developed as a part of the natural healing process of lost or damaged skin after a major injury. Based on the location and size of the injury, a traumatic wound heals in different ways. It can range from minor scarring to severe tightening and thickening of the skin. Also, obstruct regular, normal movements causing deformity.
Burns can occur on the skin when a particular area of a person’s body comes in contact with something too hot. For instance, fire, boiling water, scorching sun rays, electricity, or chemicals form severe burn injuries. After the wounds get healed, a thick, discolored contracture burn scar is formed on the area.
Also known as hypergranulation tissue, hypertrophic scarring is an excess of skin tissue that forms around a piercing during the healing process. These scars are the result of too much collagen being produced.